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Middlebury-CMRS Course List

RES/1 The Making of Europe, c.400-c.1750
The Research Course occupies the first five weeks of the program. This will allow you to research a topic of your choice from any area of European history or culture in the period c.400 to c.1750. You will identify a text or image, object or building you wish to explore (or a small group: for instance a selection of poems by a given author). You will formulate a question and write a 6,000 word essay. In order to support you, the first week will consist of lectures, seminars and field trips to get you thinking, Once you have identified the area you wish to work on, you will have weekly one-to-one meetings with an individual supervisor, who will also read and comment on your final draft. This project will help you with your tutorial writing later in our programme. It will also help you develop the research and writing skills needed for senior theses, graduate work, and similar challenges ahead. There is no obligatory preparatory reading for this course. Anything written in Europe before c.1750 that captures your imagination would be worth looking at. Working with texts in translation is expected: most of the items on the list are translations from Latin and other languages. If you do wish to work in a language other than English that is welcome, to, but this will not automatically receive a higher grade. There is no textbook for this course, and you will not be under any obligation to purchase any volumes (although you may wish to do so). The resources of the Bodleian Library, Keble College Library, and the Feneley Library will almost always suffice.
RES/2 Europe and the World
The Spring Semester Integral Course takes place after the term's tutorials and seminars and complete. This course is an opportunity to explore wes...
SM/01 The Italian Renaissance
It is in the world of the visual arts and architecture that the spectacular cultural phenomenon known as the Renaissance first found expression in fo...
SM/02 Cathedrals, Cloisters , Churches: Machines for Praying, c1050-1350
The Church was deeply embedded in the medieval European nexus of patronage, culture and power.  This has left us much of the world’s most wonderfu...
SM/03 Chivalry and Courtly Love: Around the Round Table
Please note: this seminar will replace Artuhurian Legend in September 2014. In the popular mind it is hardly possible to separate the idea of th...
SM/05 ‘No Taxation without Representation’: From Medieval England to the Modern U.S.A.
Innovative though the American constitution was, it owed many of its principles to the English past. In England, the application of the principle ‘...
SM/06 Dante and the Divina Commedia
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) remains a towering eminence in the culture of High Medieval Christendom. His influence on later literature and culture is...
SM/07 Shakespeare I: Shakespeare in the 1590s
Shakespeare came up to London from the country, where he had already been associated with household players, just after 1590. He entered a lively wor...
SM/08 Political Philosophy I: Plato to Machiavelli
The purpose of this course is to show how thinkers have analysed and justified the role and existence of the state, and to consider various theories ...
SM/10 C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, the Inklings and Oxford
The constellation of talents known collectively as the ‘Inklings’ met regularly in Oxford between the 1920s and 1950s.  Comprising scholars, poe...
SM/11 Medieval Thought, Medieval Worlds
  The great Christian writers of the Middle Ages remain indispensable sources and inspirations (or, sometimes, pet enemies) for modern theology a...
SM/14 Art, Politics, and Power in the Renaissance World
Renaissance princes used the arts – painting, sculpture, pageantry, music and more – to showcase their cultural credentials, display their wealth...
SM/15 Heresy to Orthodoxy in Reformation Europe
Beginning with its roots in the ‘heretical’ soil of the late middle ages, this seminar reflects on the real changes wrought by the European refor...
SM/17 Perfection and the Golden Age: The Pastoral Tradition
The pastoral mode is devoted to exploring the concepts of ideal happiness and perfect ease. Traditionally associated with bountiful nature and the in...
SM/18 Shakespeare II: Tragedies and Comedies
Shakespeare’s career from 1600 is renowned for its deep analysis of the human capacity for depravity and for ruin. The seminar examines this increa...
SM/19 New Writers, New Readers: Literature and Society in the Early Modern World
This seminar presents a new chapter in the history of the book, as it underwent spectacular transformations in the late seventeenth, and eighteenth c...
SM/20 Political Philosophy, II: Ockham to Locke
Late medieval and Renaissance political thinkers answered questions which have a familiar ring: is it ever justified to overthrow a tyrant? Is a regi...
SM/30 Magic and the Occult in Western Europe, 1500-1800
This course covers what are arguably the most important centuries in the history of European magic, from the late Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, t...
SM/31 The Making of the Islamic World, c.600 - c.1300
Over a period of roughly one century after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in Medina in 632, Muslim armies conquered an enormous swathe of territor...
SM/32 Vikings, Saxons and Heroic Culture
This seminar course explores early medieval heroic culture and beliefs from northern and western Europe, as presented in both older and later (West a...
SM/33 1688 and the Making of Modern Britain
The "Glorious" Revolution of 1688 expelled the Catholic line of the Stuarts from Britain, but it has also been seen as opening up a new era in polit...
SM/34 The Reign of Henry VIII
Henry VIII (reigned 1509 to 1547) remains one of the best-known and most controversial monarchs in British history.  His religious policies (especia...
SM/36 Religion in Late Antiquity: Live forever or die trying
This seminar explores religion in late antique Mediterranean, a period which saw a great variety of pagan, Jewish and Christian practices.   It cent...
SM/37 Imperial China c.600 - c.1650
This seminar course is intended for students who want to learn about Chinese cultural and political history between the Sui Dynasty and the Manchu ta...
ARC/01 Archaeology & Prehistory
Archaeology has an arsenal of methods and theories with which to explore prehistoric peoples. Drawing on worldwide examples, this course explores the ways in which archaeological data is acquired and analysed as a means of surveying the structures and evolution of societies without writing.
ARC/02 Archaeology in Britain I: Antiquity to High Middle Ages
Britain in this period was settled by Neolithic and Bronze Age peoples, Celts, Romans, Saxons, Scandinavians and Normans. This course investigates th...
ARC/03 Archaeology in Britain II: Late Middle Ages & Renaissance
Our knowledge of life in Britain from the 14th to the 16th centuries has been greatly enlarged by modern archaeology and from the close study of surv...
ARC/04 Archaeology of Britain III: Into the Modern World
In the period from c. 1600 to 1850, Britain was transformed into a recognizable complex, modern society. This course explores how a wide range of arc...
ARC/05 The Atlantic World, c. 1460-1830
By using textual and material remains to gain an overview of the Atlantic world in a crucial era, this course connects the artificially separated his...
ART/01 Greece and Rome
The classical language of form, proportion and ornament is studied first in the elegant temples and theatres of ancient Greece, and later in the urban architecture of the Roman world. The Graeco-Roman aesthetic is illustrated through the media of sculpture, ceramics and wall-painting.
ART/02 Early Christian Art
The art produced by Christians from the third to the sixth centuries of the common era adopted and adapted the media and conventions of the Classical...
ART/03 Byzantine Art & Architecture
By studying mosaics, icons, manuscripts and buildings in context, this course traces developments in the arts and architecture of Byzantium, the medi...
ART/04 Early Medieval Art & Architecture
An examination of the art and architecture of Early Medieval Europe, from the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 to the development of the Gothic Style ...
ART/05 Gothic Art & Architecture
Famed for soaring arches, rich stained glass, fine sculpture, stunning manuscripts and elaborate wall-paintings, Gothic spread throughout Europe from the mid-12th century. This course traces developments down to the 15th century with particular reference to France and England.
ART/06 Early Italian Renaissance
Between 1300 and 1500 Italians such as Giotto, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Fra Angelico, Masaccio, Alberti, Michelozzo and Botticelli began the Renaissance transformation of architecture, painting and sculpture. This course traces that transformation, concentrating on the 15th century.
ART/07 Italian High Renaissance
Sixteenth-century Florence, Rome and Venice are rightly renowned for their riches of architecture, sculpture and painting. With particular attention to Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Palladio and Titian, this course examines that wealth and the Mannerist reaction to it.
ART/08 Renaissance in the North
A study of the flowering of German, French, English and Flemish art in the 15th and 16th centuries. Artists studied include Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer and Pieter Bruegel.
ART/09 Rembrandt and the Dutch School
Extraordinary for its various intense visions of human nature, landscape and light, the painting of 17th-century Dutch artists like Rembrandt, Vermeer and Ruisdael, along with its historical and cultural context, repays detailed attention in this course.
ART/10 Baroque Art & Architecture
A study of the impact of the Counter-Reformation on the style of art, sculpture and architecture, with special attention to Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Borromini, El Greco and Velazquez.
ART/11 English Architecture, 1530-1790
A study of the development of architectural style and building practice from Henry VIII to George III, with examples from town and country houses, palaces, cathedrals and collegiate buildings. Emphasis is given to the work of Smythson, Jones, Wren, Vanbrugh, Hawksmoor and Adam.
ART/12 Painting in Britain, 1530-1790
This course studies the development and flowering of British painting, and the work and influence of foreignborn painters. Artists might include Holbein, Hilliard and Oliver, Van Dyck, Lely, Kneller, Hogarth, Reynolds and Gainsborough.
ART/13 Architecture and Painting in Britain, 1790-1850
This course explores British architecture and painting in the Romantic era and the early industrial revolution. Architects include Soane, Nash, Barry and Pugin; painters, Constable, Turner, Blake, Palmer and Lawrence.
ART/14 Art of the Garden
This course studies the history of gardens and parks in Europe from the Middle Ages to the early 19th century. Topics include: castle gardens, monast...
ART/15 Art in the Enlightenment: Classic to Romantic
The course examines the flourishing of the Fine Arts in the 18th century, exploring such masters as Canaletto, Friedrich, David, Greuze, Watteau and Ingres.
ART/16 Architecture and Painting in the Victorian Age
This course traces the development of British architecture and painting from 1850 to 1901. The works of G.G. Scott, Butterfield, Pearson, the Pre-Raphaelites, Landseer and Leighton are considered, as well as the influence of Pugin, Ruskin and Morris.
ART/17 Negotiating Antiquity
For more than 500 years and for artists as diverse as Michelangelo, Rubens, Cezanne and Picasso, classical art has been one of the fundamental ‘giv...
ART/18 Images of Oxford
Oxford has a unique assemblage of paintings, sculptures, buildings and objets d’art, including the oldest surviving purpose-built museum in the wor...
HST/07 Culture and Society in Later Renaissance Italy
In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries the Italian peninsula saw war, pestilence, political revolution, religious corruption and revival, pro...
HST/08 Culture & Society in Reformation Europe
This interdisciplinary course traces the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture. Texts include: Luth...
HST/13 The Imperial Theme
In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, English royal courts witnessed what can be described as a full-blown royal cult. Poets, playwr...
ART/01 Greece and Rome
The classical language of form, proportion and ornament is studied first in the elegant temples and theatres of ancient Greece, and later in the urban architecture of the Roman world. The Graeco-Roman aesthetic is illustrated through the media of sculpture, ceramics and wall-painting.
CLA/01 Archaic and Classical Greek
The history of Greece from the First Olympiad (776 BC) to the end of the Peloponnesian War, with special reference to the emergence of the polis, tyr...
CLA/02 The Classical World: Alexander to Rome
The domination by Alexander the Great of the eastern Mediterranean led to the Hellenistic Age. This period saw a flourishing of literatu...
CLA/03 Ancient Greek Literature
The course investigates the literature and culture of fifth-century Athens. Central concerns of this era – freedom and power, knowledge and virtue,...
CLA/04 Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
CLA/05 Classical Epic
The classical epic tradition helped shape Greece and Rome, and remains a landmark in European civilization. The course provides a detailed analysis o...
CLA/06 Classical Lyric
This course investigates the growth of lyric verse in Greek and Latin literature, examining poetry by Sappho, Pindar, Catullus, Horace and others, in...
CLA/07 Classical Pastoral
This course explores the origins of the western pastoral tradition, by looking at those whom the English Renaissance poet Drayton called its ‘onlie...
CLA/08 Augustan Rome: History and Society
The reign (31 BC to 14 AD) of Augustus, Rome’s first emperor, witnessed a period of political upheaval and cultural achievement unparalleled in Rom...
CLA/09 Literature and Culture in the Roman Republic
The long history of the Roman Republic (c.509 to 31 BC) saw the development of Rome from a small provincial city to the supreme power in the Mediterr...
CLA/10 Literature and Culture in Roman Empire
The course explores the relationship between imperial Roman authority and the Roman populace, and examines the culture of the Empire through a survey...
CLA/11 Mortals and Gods in the Classical World
The Greeks and Romans generally believed their lives and fates to be determined by the gods. This course explores this and other aspects of their myt...
CLA/04 Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
CWR/04 Drama
This course is intended for those who want to write drama. The student works closely with the tutor on producing dramatic writing, with special empha...
LIT/10 Shakespeare I: Histories and Comedies
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important history plays and comedies. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, i...
LIT/11 Shakespeare II: Tragedies & Romances
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important tragedies and romances. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, in te...
LIT/14 Renaissance Tragedy
The course examines theories of dramatic tragedy in the Renaissance, through an analysis of the reception of the classical legacy, translations from ...
LIT/18 Eighteenth-Century Poetry and Drama
The dramatic modes, styles and intentions of the long eighteenth century are properly initiated in the years following the Restoration of 1660. As th...
LIT/26 Tragedy
The course explores the nature and forms of tragedy – one of the foundational literary modes of western culture since antiquity. From the earliest ...
LIT/27 Comedy
The course explores the many types, styles and intentions of comedy, from the earliest Greek and Roman examples of the genre, through the transformat...
LIT/28 Reniassance Drama
The Renaissance was a period in which the conventions and forms of drama witnessed a remarkable flourishing. The course explores the modes and genres...
LIT/32 Medieval English Drama
We are often told that drama before Shakespeare was stylized and dull. This tutorial explores a more positive approach to medieval Mystery Cycles and...
GST/01 Gender & History
Recent scholars have increasingly made a gendered reading of history; this course samples and assesses the success of these approaches while explorin...
GST/02 Women & Literature in the Middle Ages
We examine the presentation of women in poetry, prose and drama, from the Virgin Mary to the Wife of Bath, and study the writings of Héloise, Margaret Paston, Margery Kempe, Julian of Norwich and Christine de Pisan.
GST/03 Deviance, Sexuality & Social Order in Medieval Europe
Medieval western Christendom saw the evolution of a remarkable set of gendered social norms, and (arguably) of increasingly restrictive means of maintaining them. This course uses insights drawn from a range of disciplines to explore medieval attitudes to gender, sexuality, and ‘outsiders’.
GST/04 Women & Literature in the Renaissance
The main focus is on English literature and its background, with reference to the continent. Writers include the poet and translator Mary Sidney, Mary Wroth, poet and playwright, and poet Aemilia Lanyer.
GST/05 The Family, Sex & Marriage in England, 1500-1700
This course explores the economy of gender norms in early modern England, concentrating on family life. It asks how far they altered with social change and religious upheaval, and whether a new synthesis emerged.
GST/06 Women & Literature, 1660-1800
The expanding role of women in the modernizing genres of poetry, drama, fiction, journals and memoirs is studied through important practitioners like Aphra Behn, Mary Wortley Montagu, Hannah More, Joanna Baillie, Maria Edgeworth and Ann Radcliffe.
ARC/03 Archaeology in Britain II: Late Middle Ages & Renaissance
Our knowledge of life in Britain from the 14th to the 16th centuries has been greatly enlarged by modern archaeology and from the close study of surv...
ARC/04 Archaeology of Britain III: Into the Modern World
In the period from c. 1600 to 1850, Britain was transformed into a recognizable complex, modern society. This course explores how a wide range of arc...
ARC/05 The Atlantic World, c. 1460-1830
By using textual and material remains to gain an overview of the Atlantic world in a crucial era, this course connects the artificially separated his...
GST/01 Gender & History
Recent scholars have increasingly made a gendered reading of history; this course samples and assesses the success of these approaches while explorin...
GST/03 Deviance, Sexuality & Social Order in Medieval Europe
Medieval western Christendom saw the evolution of a remarkable set of gendered social norms, and (arguably) of increasingly restrictive means of maintaining them. This course uses insights drawn from a range of disciplines to explore medieval attitudes to gender, sexuality, and ‘outsiders’.
GST/05 The Family, Sex & Marriage in England, 1500-1700
This course explores the economy of gender norms in early modern England, concentrating on family life. It asks how far they altered with social change and religious upheaval, and whether a new synthesis emerged.
HST/01 Charlemagne & the Carolingian Renaissance
This course explores the period through the medium of selected primary texts (in translation): correspondence; biography and narrative; educational texts; capitularies; theology; poetry.
HST/02 Knights, Priests, Peasants
This course uses primary sources in translation to sketch medieval society, not least the ‘Three Orders’ of ‘labourers, fighters and men of prayer’.
HST/03 Heresy and Authority in the Middle Ages
This course looks briefly at the definition of orthodoxy and heresy in late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages, but concentrates on the period from the 11th to the 15th centuries and on the relationship between the growing power of the Church and the spread of heresy.
HST/04 The Occult Sciences in the Middle Ages
Many medieval people held and practised beliefs which today we would label occult, magical or esoteric. At the learned level, Platonic, Hermetic, Isl...
HST/05 The Witches of Early Modern Europe
Early modern Europe saw some 40,000 men, women and children die because their neighbours or the authorities believed them to be consorts of the Devil...
HST/06 Culture and Society in Early Renaissance Italy, 1290-1400
Even before the first onslaught of the Black Death carried off between a third and a half of the population, this was an era of profound and complex ...
HST/07 Culture and Society in Later Renaissance Italy
In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries the Italian peninsula saw war, pestilence, political revolution, religious corruption and revival, pro...
HST/08 Culture & Society in Reformation Europe
This interdisciplinary course traces the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture. Texts include: Luth...
HST/09 Anglo-Saxon England
The period between the ‘fall’ of Roman Britain and the Norman Conquest of 1066 is both fascinating in its own right, and remarkable for the degre...
HST/10 England after the Conquest
An introduction to the political, ecclesiastical and social history of England from the Norman Conquest to Magna Carta through a detailed examination of the principal primary sources for the period in translation. Sources include Orderic Vitalis and William of Malmesbury.
HST/11 Later Middle Ages: Henry III to Henry VII
When the seven- year-old Henry III ascended his father’s throne in 1216, much of his kingdom was under French occupation; a peace treaty between th...
HST/12 England from Reformation to Revolution
This course explores one of the most turbulent periods of English political, social, religious and economic history (and historiography) from Henry VIII to the ‘Glorious’ Revolution of 1688, making full use of primary sources.
HST/13 The Imperial Theme
In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, English royal courts witnessed what can be described as a full-blown royal cult. Poets, playwr...
HST/14 The Golden Age of the Aristocracy, 1660 to 1832
The Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 also ushered in an era of unprecedented power, wealth and display for the English aristocracy. Ferocity of po...
HST/15 Liberty and Monarchy in the Seventeenth Century
Seventeenth-century England saw remarkable tensions between supporters of absolute monarchy at one extreme and advocates of the liberty of the subjec...
HST/16 Romans & Barbarians, 370-900
The crumbling of a mighty empire which had proclaimed itself universal, and supreme even in spiritual matters, has provided a rewarding theme for his...
HST/17 The Byzantine World, 1071-1204
As it spans the period from disastrous defeat at the Battle of Manzikert to the catastrophic sack of Constantinople by Fourth Crusaders, it would be ...
HST/18 Byzantium 1204-1453
The capture of Constantinople by the forces of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 began in blood one of the most fascinating periods of Byzantine history.  ...
HST/19 The Crusades
Between the Council of Clermont in 1095 and the final collapse of Western holdings in the Levant at the beginning of the fourteenth century, thousand...
HST/20 New World Encounters: Voyages of Discovery
From the fifteenth century onwards, European merchants, monarchs and writers became increasingly excited by the world beyond the Atlantic Ocean.  It...
HST/21 Man and the Natural World
Modern scholars have hailed the quickening of ‘natural philosophy’ in the era from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century as nothing less than...
HST/22 Copernicus to Newton
The ‘Scientific Revolution’ of the early modern era was so broad and profound that some modern scholars have suggested that it did nothing less t...
HST/23 Eighteenth-Century British History
This tutorial examines British history during the long eighteenth century, beginning with the so-called Glorious Revolution of 1688.  This expel...
HST/24 Nineteenth-Century British History
The nineteenth century is conventionally viewed as the apogee of British power.  In this period Britain came to control a major empire, as a leading...
HST/25 Twentieth-Century British History
This tutorial explores British history during the twentieth century.  At the beginning of the period, Britain was one of the world's leading politic...
HST/26 Christians and Jews in the Middle Ages
This tutorial examines interactions between the Christian majority and their Jewish neighbours in western Europe during the middle ages.  This perio...
HST/27 Islamic History, c.600-c.1300
This tutorial explores Islamic history from the life of the Prophet Muhammad in the early seventh century, until the Mongol invasions of the thirteen...
RST/03 History of the Early Church to 451
By the time of Council of Chalcedon in 451 the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, once a small Jewish sect confined to the Middle East, had been transfo...
RST/06 The History and Theology of the Eastern Church, 325-787
In theory the Catholic Church was one seamless unity stretching across the whole of the Roman world, but in the period between the First and Second C...
RST/07 History of the Western Church, 1054-1350
The medieval Church in the Western had almost incredible highs and contrastingly profound lows.  Claiming – and sometimes exercising – a remarka...
RST/12 Medieval Monasticism
Shortly after the Catholic Churches made their peace with the Roman Empire, some men and women found themselves called to renounce the World and its ...
RST/15 Catholic Reformation
The Catholic Church of the late middle ages was very far from the moribund monolith portrayed by its adversaries. It had a rich tradition on which to...
RST/16 Classical Islam
This tutorial provide an overview of the thought and practice of classical Islam, from the seventh century through to the end of the medieval era.  ...
HST/06 Culture and Society in Early Renaissance Italy, 1290-1400
Even before the first onslaught of the Black Death carried off between a third and a half of the population, this was an era of profound and complex ...
HST/07 Culture and Society in Later Renaissance Italy
In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries the Italian peninsula saw war, pestilence, political revolution, religious corruption and revival, pro...
HST/08 Culture & Society in Reformation Europe
This interdisciplinary course traces the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture. Texts include: Luth...
HST/13 The Imperial Theme
In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, English royal courts witnessed what can be described as a full-blown royal cult. Poets, playwr...
LAN/01 Greek
This course, offered at every level, involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Greek literature.
LAN/02 New Testament Greek
A study of the grammar, syntax and vocabulary as set out in J. Duff, The Elements of New Testament Greek.
LAN/03 Classical Latin
This course, offered at every level, involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Latin literature.
LAN/04 Medieval Latin
A study of the language, based on the reading of a wide selection of medieval Latin prose and verse.
LAN/05 Introduction to Old English
A study of the Anglo-Saxon language based on Sweet’s -Anglo- Saxon Primer, reading at least one work of prose and one work of poetry in the original.
LAN/06 Introduction to Middle English
This course studies selected verse and prose including: Patience, Pearl, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Piers Plowman, Saints’ Lives of the Katherine Group and/or Ancrene Wisse.
LAN/07 Introduction to Old French
A study of the language based on the close reading of the Chanson de Roland and/or other selected texts.
LAN/08 Introduction to Middle High German
An introduction to language and grammar based on a reading of selected texts from Middle High German literature.
LAN/09 French
Tuition in French can be arranged at any level and to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on French for academic purposes, or on conversational French depending on what is required.
LAN/10 German
Tuition in German can be arranged at any level and to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on German for academic purposes, or on conversational German depending on what is required.
LAN/11 Italian
Tuition in Italian can be arranged at any level and to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on reading or conversational Italian depending on what is required.
LAN/12 Spanish
Tuition in Spanish can be arranged at any level and to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on reading or conversational Spanish depending on what is required.
LAN/13 Russian
Tuition in Russian can be arranged at any level and to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on academic or conversational Russian depending on what is required.
LAN/14 Arabic
Tutorials are available in both Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic. The nature of the tutorial will depend on the level of each individual student.
LAW/01 The English Legal System
This course is designed to give a grounding in legal thinking generally, and to explore the English system in particular. Topics might include: Commo...
CLA/03 Ancient Greek Literature
The course investigates the literature and culture of fifth-century Athens. Central concerns of this era – freedom and power, knowledge and virtue,...
CLA/04 Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
CLA/05 Classical Epic
The classical epic tradition helped shape Greece and Rome, and remains a landmark in European civilization. The course provides a detailed analysis o...
CLA/06 Classical Lyric
This course investigates the growth of lyric verse in Greek and Latin literature, examining poetry by Sappho, Pindar, Catullus, Horace and others, in...
CLA/07 Classical Pastoral
This course explores the origins of the western pastoral tradition, by looking at those whom the English Renaissance poet Drayton called its ‘onlie...
CWR/01 Oratory
This course is intended for those who want to practise public speaking. The student works closely with the tutor on composing and delivering speeches...
CWR/02 Narrative
This course is intended for those who want to write fiction. The student works closely with the tutor on composing prose narratives in either short o...
CWR/03 Poetry
This course is intended for those who want to write poetry. The student works closely with the tutor on composing poetry in a wide array of metres, g...
CWR/04 Drama
This course is intended for those who want to write drama. The student works closely with the tutor on producing dramatic writing, with special empha...
GST/02 Women & Literature in the Middle Ages
We examine the presentation of women in poetry, prose and drama, from the Virgin Mary to the Wife of Bath, and study the writings of Héloise, Margaret Paston, Margery Kempe, Julian of Norwich and Christine de Pisan.
GST/04 Women & Literature in the Renaissance
The main focus is on English literature and its background, with reference to the continent. Writers include the poet and translator Mary Sidney, Mary Wroth, poet and playwright, and poet Aemilia Lanyer.
GST/06 Women & Literature, 1660-1800
The expanding role of women in the modernizing genres of poetry, drama, fiction, journals and memoirs is studied through important practitioners like Aphra Behn, Mary Wortley Montagu, Hannah More, Joanna Baillie, Maria Edgeworth and Ann Radcliffe.
HST/13 The Imperial Theme
In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, English royal courts witnessed what can be described as a full-blown royal cult. Poets, playwr...
LIT/01 Old English Literature in Translation
The canon of Old English Literature comprises the earliest corpus of texts in the English literary tradition. A wide selection of translated texts in...
LIT/02 Viking Literature and Culture
This course explores the legacy of Viking literature, ranging from mythology to heroic legend, and includes an analysis of wider history and culture ...
LIT/03 Chaucer
Chaucer remains the most important and influential author writing in Middle English, and the course explores works from all periods of his life, incl...
LIT/04 The Art of the Tale
Medieval literature is rich in short tales, romances, fabliaux and beast-fables. Framed story-collections offered diversity within an overarching fic...
LIT/05 The World of Romance
The core of this comprehensive examination of Medieval romance literature focuses on canonical Middle English texts, metrical romances and the work o...
LIT/06 The World of Courtly Love
Courtly love was a Medieval convention which articulated chivalrous love, yearning and desire. The course ranges widely among the various literatures...
LIT/07 Medieval Travel Writers
Medieval people travelled widely, and wrote fascinating accounts of their travels and adventures. These narratives are accompanied by accounts of pur...
LIT/08 The English Renaissance I: Wyatt to Spenser
The course explores the canon of English poetry and prose written in English before 1600. As the English language consolidated its new flexibility an...
LIT/09 The English Renaissance, II: Donne to Marvell
This course explores the canon of English poetry, drama and prose written in English between 1600 and 1660. This was one of the most productive perio...
LIT/10 Shakespeare I: Histories and Comedies
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important history plays and comedies. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, i...
LIT/11 Shakespeare II: Tragedies & Romances
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important tragedies and romances. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, in te...
LIT/12 Milton
Milton remains one of the most supremely significant poets in the English literary canon, as well as an active and involved observer of the turbulent...
LIT/13 Renaissance Sonnet
The sonnet is one of the defining literary genres of the Renaissance, and rose to particular prominence in England during the sixteenth and seventeen...
LIT/14 Renaissance Tragedy
The course examines theories of dramatic tragedy in the Renaissance, through an analysis of the reception of the classical legacy, translations from ...
LIT/15 Renaisance Epic
The epic genre was of central importance during the Renaissance, providing an avenue of reception of the classical inheritance, and an opportunity fo...
LIT/16 Renaissance Pastoral
The pastoral mode is a method by which literature identifies ideal lives lived in idyllic places, capturing our need for contentment and fulfilment, ...
LIT/17 Eighteenth Century Fiction
It was at the close of the seventeenth century, and in the early decades of the eighteenth, that the new form of writing known as the novel emerged d...
LIT/18 Eighteenth-Century Poetry and Drama
The dramatic modes, styles and intentions of the long eighteenth century are properly initiated in the years following the Restoration of 1660. As th...
LIT/19 Jane Austen
Despite her relatively short life, the six major novels written by Jane Austen have secured her standing as one of the most significant – and best-...
LIT/20 Romanticism
During the latter decades of the eighteenth century and opening years of the nineteenth, the broad movement known as Romanticism swept artists and wr...
LIT/21 Nineteenth-Century Fiction
The nineteenth century was the period in which the novel came of age, rising to unheard-of prominence as a means of scrutinising the era in all its e...
LIT/22 Poetry of the Victorian Era
The course explores the magnificent development of poetry in the Victorian era, from its beginnings in the wake of the Romantic movement, through a v...
LIT/23 Twentieth Century British Poetry
The course ranges widely among the riches and complexities of British poetry in the twentieth century. In the modern age the variety of modes and typ...
LIT/24 Twentieth Century British Fiction
The thematic and stylistic concerns of British fiction underwent broad transformations in the twentieth century, in response to the changing and ofte...
LIT/25 The Inklings
C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and Charles Williams were at the centre of this group of friends who met every week in Oxford between the early 1930s and ...
LIT/26 Tragedy
The course explores the nature and forms of tragedy – one of the foundational literary modes of western culture since antiquity. From the earliest ...
LIT/27 Comedy
The course explores the many types, styles and intentions of comedy, from the earliest Greek and Roman examples of the genre, through the transformat...
LIT/28 Reniassance Drama
The Renaissance was a period in which the conventions and forms of drama witnessed a remarkable flourishing. The course explores the modes and genres...
LIT/29 Chrétien de Troyes
Chrétien de Troyes is celebrated as the greatest writer of twelfth-century French Arthurian Romances, and his influence on the subsequent evolution ...
LIT/30 The Courtly Romances
The courtly romances of the Middle Ages were vernacular expressions of the ideals and conventions of the wider cultural tradition of courtly love. Wi...
LIT/31 La Chanson de Roland
La Chanson de Roland (The Song of Roland) is the most famous epic poem of the Middle Ages, the first major work of Old French literature, and a work ...
LIT/32 Medieval English Drama
We are often told that drama before Shakespeare was stylized and dull. This tutorial explores a more positive approach to medieval Mystery Cycles and...
RST/11 Medieval English Mystics
Some of the most profound and extraordinary spiritual works of the middle ages (or perhaps any age) were written in England in the fourteenth and fif...
HST/01 Charlemagne & the Carolingian Renaissance
This course explores the period through the medium of selected primary texts (in translation): correspondence; biography and narrative; educational texts; capitularies; theology; poetry.
LIT/02 Viking Literature and Culture
This course explores the legacy of Viking literature, ranging from mythology to heroic legend, and includes an analysis of wider history and culture ...
MUS/03 Madrigals, Songs and Airs of Renaissance Courts
We examine the relationship between music, literature and the other arts in the courtly culture of Renaissance England. Composers such as Dowland, and courtier-poets such as Greville, Dyer and the Earl of Essex are studied in their collaborations and interrelations.
MUS/01 Exploring Western Music
A study and critical analysis of the major genres of Western music from the Renaissance to the present day, including the Mass, oratorio, opera, symphony and song. Full use is made of Oxford’s rich musical life, and historical and artistic resources.
MUS/02 Music and Liturgy: From Medieval to Tudor
The course explores the role of music in the Christian tradition, from plainsong and monastic chant through the events of the English Reformation and the radical changes made to church music in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
MUS/03 Madrigals, Songs and Airs of Renaissance Courts
We examine the relationship between music, literature and the other arts in the courtly culture of Renaissance England. Composers such as Dowland, and courtier-poets such as Greville, Dyer and the Earl of Essex are studied in their collaborations and interrelations.
MUS/04 Music in the Grand Manner: Purcell to Handel
This course studies choral, operatic and instrumental development in composition and performance in the 17th and 18th century. The co-dependence of music and drama, from Purcell’s work with Dryden to Handel’s with John Gay, forms the heart of the course.
PHI/01 Classical Background to Western Philosophy
This course charts the development of western thought from the Athenians to the early Middle Ages, exploring all the principal writers in the context...
PHI/02 Medieval Philosophy
The course is designed for those wishing to understand the metaphysics, ethics and philosophical theology of the Middle Ages. The key-works of leadin...
PHI/03 Philosophy of Religion
The course asks absolutely fundamental questions, via a study of theological and religious language and the beliefs and theories associated with it. ...
PHI/04 The Enlightenment
The impact of the European Enlightenment, as a radical re-examination of core beliefs and the best role to be played in them by the rational mind, is...
PHI/05 Ethics & the Good Life
As one of the primary areas of philosophical investigation, Ethics has remained at the forefront of western thought since antiquity, and its importan...
PHI/06 Aesthetics
The philosophy of beauty, and the nature of our response to it in nature as well as in artistic creation of all kinds, is at the heart of the study o...
RST/05 Augustine of Hippo
This course examines the life and thought of one of the giants of Western Church, Augustine of Hippo (died 430).  Born into a prosperous family in R...
PLT/01 Themes and Issues in Political Theory
This course investigates the background of central issues and questions in the history of the state: the genesis and formation of institutions which ...
PLT/02 Political Theory: Ancient and Medieval
The evolution of political philosophy, from its Greek foundations through to the late Middle Ages, forms the concentration of this course. A historic...
PLT/03 Political Theory: Renaissance and Early Modern
The course presents a detailed historical survey of political thinking from the Renaissance Humanists of the fourteenth century through to John Locke...
PLT/04 Political Theory: Enlightenment and Romanticism
The legacy of Enlightenment and Romantic theorists has left an indelible mark on western political thinking. This course begins with an analysis of e...
ART/02 Early Christian Art
The art produced by Christians from the third to the sixth centuries of the common era adopted and adapted the media and conventions of the Classical...
ART/03 Byzantine Art & Architecture
By studying mosaics, icons, manuscripts and buildings in context, this course traces developments in the arts and architecture of Byzantium, the medi...
HST/03 Heresy and Authority in the Middle Ages
This course looks briefly at the definition of orthodoxy and heresy in late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages, but concentrates on the period from the 11th to the 15th centuries and on the relationship between the growing power of the Church and the spread of heresy.
HST/08 Culture & Society in Reformation Europe
This interdisciplinary course traces the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture. Texts include: Luth...
HST/26 Christians and Jews in the Middle Ages
This tutorial examines interactions between the Christian majority and their Jewish neighbours in western Europe during the middle ages.  This perio...
HST/27 Islamic History, c.600-c.1300
This tutorial explores Islamic history from the life of the Prophet Muhammad in the early seventh century, until the Mongol invasions of the thirteen...
MUS/02 Music and Liturgy: From Medieval to Tudor
The course explores the role of music in the Christian tradition, from plainsong and monastic chant through the events of the English Reformation and the radical changes made to church music in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
PHI/03 Philosophy of Religion
The course asks absolutely fundamental questions, via a study of theological and religious language and the beliefs and theories associated with it. ...
RST/01 Old Testament Studies
What Christians call ‘the Old Testament’ is a remarkable collection of books, spanning Jewish law, history, wisdom and prophecy, and ranging in d...
RST/02 New Testament Studies
Because of its centrality to Christianity, the New Testament has been read with great attention and  fervour for nearly two thousand years, and man...
RST/03 History of the Early Church to 451
By the time of Council of Chalcedon in 451 the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, once a small Jewish sect confined to the Middle East, had been transfo...
RST/04 Development of Doctrine in the Early Church to 451
From the time of Jesus his followers had many questions. In the era to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 they set about answering some of the most cent...
RST/05 Augustine of Hippo
This course examines the life and thought of one of the giants of Western Church, Augustine of Hippo (died 430).  Born into a prosperous family in R...
RST/06 The History and Theology of the Eastern Church, 325-787
In theory the Catholic Church was one seamless unity stretching across the whole of the Roman world, but in the period between the First and Second C...
RST/07 History of the Western Church, 1054-1350
The medieval Church in the Western had almost incredible highs and contrastingly profound lows.  Claiming – and sometimes exercising – a remarka...
RST/08 Development of Christian Mystical Theology
The theologians and ecclesiastics of the first Christian centuries drew on deep wells of Biblical writing and Greek philosophy, as well as the most i...
RST/09 Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church
Just as the Church in the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire had a very different history from the Western Church, so its theologians and ecclesiast...
RST/10 Spirituality of the Franciscans, Dominicans and Carmelites
The Franciscan, Dominican and Carmelite Orders arose out of very particular impulses in the twelfth-century Church; yet, over the centuries since, th...
RST/11 Medieval English Mystics
Some of the most profound and extraordinary spiritual works of the middle ages (or perhaps any age) were written in England in the fourteenth and fif...
RST/12 Medieval Monasticism
Shortly after the Catholic Churches made their peace with the Roman Empire, some men and women found themselves called to renounce the World and its ...
RST/13 English Reformation
Although far from isolated from the revolutionary currents of religious thought and practice which shook contemporary Europe, the English Reformation...
RST/14 Protestant Reformation
The Reformation saw fundamental Christian beliefs and practices challenged and overturned; a huge range of theological views gaining adherents; and m...
RST/15 Catholic Reformation
The Catholic Church of the late middle ages was very far from the moribund monolith portrayed by its adversaries. It had a rich tradition on which to...
RST/16 Classical Islam
This tutorial provide an overview of the thought and practice of classical Islam, from the seventh century through to the end of the medieval era.  ...
Over 25 years on
Over 25 years on
I attended CMRS over 25 years ago; now I live outside Washington, DC, where I practice law before the federal appeals courts and the U.S. Supreme Cour...
Greg Castanias, Autumn Semester 1985, Wabash College