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Middlebury-CMRS Course List

RES/1 The Making of Europe, c.400-c.1750
The Research Course occupies the first five weeks of the program. This will allow you to research a topic of your choice from any area of European history or culture in the period c.400 to c.1750. You will identify a text or image, object or building you wish to explore (or a small group: for instance a selection of poems by a given author). You will formulate a question and write a 6,000 word essay. In order to support you, the first week will consist of lectures, seminars and field trips to get you thinking, Once you have identified the area you wish to work on, you will have weekly one-to-one meetings with an individual supervisor, who will also read and comment on your final draft. This project will help you with your tutorial writing later in our programme. It will also help you develop the research and writing skills needed for senior theses, graduate work, and similar challenges ahead. There is no obligatory preparatory reading for this course. Anything written in Europe before c.1750 that captures your imagination would be worth looking at. Working with texts in translation is expected: most of the items on the list are translations from Latin and other languages. If you do wish to work in a language other than English that is welcome, to, but this will not automatically receive a higher grade. There is no textbook for this course, and you will not be under any obligation to purchase any volumes (although you may wish to do so). The resources of the Bodleian Library, Keble College Library, and the Feneley Library will almost always suffice.
RES/2 Europe and the World
The Spring Semester Integral Course takes place after the term's tutorials and seminars and complete. This course is an opportunity to explore wes...
ENAM 0830 (formerly SM/07) Shakespeare I: Shakespeare in the 1590s
Shakespeare came up to London from the country, where he had already been associated with household players, just after 1590. He entered a lively wor...
ENAM 0835 (formerly SM/18) Shakespeare II: Tragedies and Comedies
Shakespeare’s career from 1600 is renowned for its deep analysis of the human capacity for depravity and for ruin. The seminar examines this increa...
ENAM 0980 (formerly SM/10) The Inklings
The constellation of talents known collectively as the ‘Inklings’ met regularly in Oxford between the 1920s and 1950s.  Comprising scholars, poe...
HARC 0830 (formerly SM/02) Cathedrals, Cloisters , Churches: Machines for Praying, c1050-1350
The Church was deeply embedded in the medieval European nexus of patronage, culture and power.  This has left us much of the world’s most wonderfu...
HARC 0850 (formerly SM/01) The Italian Renaissance
It is in the world of the visual arts and architecture that the spectacular cultural phenomenon known as the Renaissance first found expression in fo...
HIST 0825/CMLT 0825/LITS 0825 (formerly SM/32) Vikings, Saxons and Heroic Culture
This seminar course explores early medieval heroic culture and beliefs from northern and western Europe, as presented in both older and later (West a...
HIST 0830 (formerly SM/03) Chivalry and Courtly Love
Please note: this seminar will replace Artuhurian Legend in September 2014. In the popular mind it is hardly possible to separate the idea of th...
HIST 0840 (formerly SM/30) Magic and the Occult in Western Europe, 1500-1800
This course covers what are arguably the most important centuries in the history of European magic, from the late Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, t...
HIST 0850 (formerly SM/15) Heresy to Orthodoxy in Reformation Europe
Beginning with its roots in the ‘heretical’ soil of the late middle ages, this seminar reflects on the real changes wrought by the European refor...
HIST 0930 (formerly SM/34) The Reign of Henry VIII
Henry VIII (reigned 1509 to 1547) remains one of the best-known and most controversial monarchs in British history.  His religious policies (especia...
HIST 0940 (formerly SM/33) Revolutions and the Making of Modern Britain
The "Glorious" Revolution of 1688 expelled the Catholic line of the Stuarts from Britain, but it has also been seen as opening up a new era in polit...
HIST 0955 (formerly SM/31) The Making of the Islamic World, c.600 - c.1300
Over a period of roughly one century after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in Medina in 632, Muslim armies conquered an enormous swathe of territor...
HIST 0980 (formerly SM/37) Imperial China c.600 - c.1650
This seminar course is intended for students who want to learn about Chinese cultural and political history between the Sui Dynasty and the Manchu ta...
PSCI 0810 (formerly SM/08) Political Philosophy I: Plato to Machiavelli
The purpose of this course is to show how thinkers have analysed and justified the role and existence of the state, and to consider various theories ...
PSCI 0815 (formerly SM/20) Political Philosophy, II: Ockham to Locke
Late medieval and Renaissance political thinkers answered questions which have a familiar ring: is it ever justified to overthrow a tyrant? Is a regi...
RELI 0810/HIST 0810 (formerly SM/36) Religion in Late Antiquity: Live Forever or Die Trying
This seminar explores religion in late antique Mediterranean, a period which saw a great variety of pagan, Jewish and Christian practices.   It cent...
HARC 0010 (formerly ARC/01) Archaeology & Prehistory
Archaeology has an arsenal of methods and theories with which to explore prehistoric peoples. Drawing on worldwide examples, this course explores the ways in which archaeological data is acquired and analysed as a means of surveying the structures and evolution of societies without writing.
HARC 0015 (formerly ARC/02) Archaeology in Britain I: Antiquity to High Middle Ages
Britain in this period was settled by Neolithic and Bronze Age peoples, Celts, Romans, Saxons, Scandinavians and Normans. This course investigates th...
HARC 0020 (formerly ARC/03) Archaeology in Britain II: Late Middle Ages & Renaissance
Our knowledge of life in Britain from the 14th to the 16th centuries has been greatly enlarged by modern archaeology and from the close study of surv...
HARC 0025 (formerly ARC/04) Archaeology of Britain III: Into the Modern World
In the period from c. 1600 to 1850, Britain was transformed into a recognizable complex, modern society. This course explores how a wide range of arc...
HARC 0050 (formerly ART/01) Classical Art and Architecture
The classical language of form, proportion and ornament is studied first in the elegant temples and theatres of ancient Greece, and later in the urba...
HARC 0060 (formerly ART/03) Art & Architecture of Late Antiquity
This course explores the art and architecture of the late Roman world, with a particular focus on the eastern Mediterranean, from the second to the e...
HARC 0070 (formerly ART/04) Early Medieval Art & Architecture
This course focuses on the art and architecture of Early Medieval Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to the end of the tenth century. Throughou...
HARC 0073 Romanesque Art and Architecture
In the approximately two centuries covered by this course (between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries), there was a rich outpouring of artistic ac...
HARC 0075 (formerly ART/05) Gothic Art and Architecture
Famed for soaring arches, rich stained glass, fine sculpture, stunning manuscripts and elaborate wall-paintings, the Gothic style spread throughout E...
HARC 0080 (formerly ART/06) Early Italian Renaissance
Between 1300 and 1500, the sculptor Donatello, the architects Brunelleschi, Alberti and Michelozzo as well as painters such as Giotto, Masaccio, Fra ...
HARC 0085 (formerly ART/07) Italian High and Late Renaissance
Sixteenth-century Florence, Rome and Venice are rightly renowned for their riches of architecture, sculpture and painting. With particular attention ...
HARC 0090 (formerly ART/08) The Northern Renaissance
This course covers the flowering of northern European art during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  Contrasting with Italian art of the period ...
HARC 0095 (formerly ART/09) Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting
This course covers the phase in art referred to as the ‘Golden Age’ of Dutch painting, characterised for developing still life and landscape subj...
HARC 0100 (formerly ART/10) Baroque Art & Architecture
A study of the impact of the Counter-Reformation on the style of art, sculpture and architecture, with special attention to Italian and Spanish paint...
HARC 0110 (formerly ART/11) English Architecture, 1530-1790
This course studies the development of English architectural style and building practice from Henry VIII to George III, with examples from town and c...
HARC 0120 (formerly ART/12) Painting in Britain, 1530-1790
This course studies the development and flowering of British painting between c.1530 and c.1790, and the work and influence of foreign-born painters....
HARC 0125 (formerly ART/13) Architecture and Painting in Britain, 1790-1830
This course explores British art and architecture in the Romantic era and the early industrial revolution. Architects include Soane and Nash, and als...
HARC 0140 (formerly ART/14) Art of the Garden
This course studies the history of gardens and parks in Europe from the middle ages to the early nineteenth century. Topics include: castle gardens, ...
HARC 0150 (formerly ART/15) Art of the Enlightenment
From the 1650s to the 1780s, the cultural and intellectual forces of the Enlightenment in western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individuali...
HARC 0155 (formerly ART/16) Architecture and Painting in the Victorian Age
This course traces the development of British architecture and painting from the 1830s to the end of the nineteenth century. The works of Giles Gilb...
HARC 0160 Modern British Art
This course covers British art from c.1900 to c.1960.  Otassesses the avant-garde works of the Bloomsbury group, the Vorticists and Surrealists who ...
HARC 0180 (formerly ART/18) Images of Oxford
Oxford has a unique assemblage of paintings, sculptures, buildings and objets d’art, including the oldest surviving purpose-built museum in the wor...
HIST 0270 (formerly HST/07) Culture and Society in Later Renaissance Italy
In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries the Italian peninsula saw war, pestilence, political revolution, profound economic and social disrupti...
CLAS 0020 (formerly CLA/02) The Classical World: Alexander to Rome
The domination by Alexander the Great of the eastern Mediterranean led to the Hellenistic Age. This period saw a flourishing of literatu...
CLAS 0030 (formerly CLA/03) Ancient Greek Literature
The course investigates the literature and culture of fifth-century Athens. Central concerns of this era – freedom and power, knowledge and virtue,...
CLAS 0040 (formerly CLA/04) Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
CLAS 0050 (formerly CLA/05) Classical Epic
The classical epic tradition helped shape Greece and Rome, and remains a landmark in European civilization. The course provides a detailed analysis o...
CLAS 0060 (formerly CLA/06) Classical Lyric
This course investigates the growth of lyric verse in Greek and Latin literature, examining poetry by Sappho, Pindar, Catullus, Horace and others, in...
CLAS 0070 (formerly CLA/07) Classical Pastoral
This course explores the origins of the western pastoral tradition, by looking at those whom the English Renaissance poet Drayton called its ‘onlie...
CLAS 0090 (formerly CLA/09) Literature and Culture in the Roman Republic
The long history of the Roman Republic (c.509 to 31 BC) saw the development of Rome from a small provincial city to the supreme power in the Mediterr...
CLAS 0110 Athens, Sparta, Persia
This course explores the history of the Greek states - especially Athens and Sparta - during the fifth century BCE.  This was a period of political ...
CLAS 0111 (formerly CLA/11) Mortals and Gods in the Classical World
The Greeks and Romans generally believed their lives and fates to be determined by the gods. This course explores this and other aspects of their myt...
CLAS 0120 Republic to Principate
This course examines the history of Roman state and society from the final decades of the republic ,to the establishment of Augustus’s regime.  Th...
CLAS 0130 Augustus to Hadrian
This course explores the history of the Roman Empire from the first emperor, Augustus (died 14AD), until Hadrian (117-138AD).  It considers politica...
CLAS 0200 (formerly LAN/01) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek is offered at every level, including beginners.  It involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Greek literature.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of each individual student.
CLAS 0250 (formerly LAN/02) New Testament Greek
This course covers the grammar, syntax and vocabulary of New Testament Greek.  It is possible to take this at any language level, including beginner.  Students’ level will be assessed as part of the pre-arrival process.
CLAS 0300 (formerly LAN/03) Classical Latin
This course involved the careful study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Latin literature.  It is possible to take this at any language level, including beginner.  Students’ level will be assessed as part of the pre-arrival process.
HARC 0050 (formerly ART/01) Classical Art and Architecture
The classical language of form, proportion and ornament is studied first in the elegant temples and theatres of ancient Greece, and later in the urba...
PSCI 0020 Classical Political Thought
This course covers the political thought of the ancient world, from Classical Athens to the Roman Empire.  This period saw the formulation of fundam...
ENAM 0020 (formerly CWR/02) Narrative
This is a creative writing course for those who want to write fiction. The student works closely with the tutor on composing prose narratives in eith...
ENAM 0040 (formerly CWR/04) Drama
This is creative writing course for those who want to write drama. The student works closely with the tutor on producing dramatic writing, with speci...
CLAS 0040 (formerly CLA/04) Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
ENAM 0040 (formerly CWR/04) Drama
This is creative writing course for those who want to write drama. The student works closely with the tutor on producing dramatic writing, with speci...
ENAM 0125 (formerly LIT/32) Medieval English Drama
We are often told that drama before Shakespeare was stylized and dull. This tutorial explores a more positive approach to medieval Mystery Cycles and...
ENAM 0210 (formerly LIT/10) Shakespeare I: Histories and Comedies
The course presented a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important history plays and comedies. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, ...
ENAM 0212 (formerly LIT/11) Shakespeare II: Tragedies & Romances
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important tragedies and romances. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, in te...
ENAM 0355 (formerly LIT/18) Eighteenth-Century Poetry and Drama
The dramatic modes, styles and intentions of the long eighteenth century are properly initiated in the years following the Restoration of 1660. As th...
LITS 0310 (formerly LIT/27) Comedy
The course explores the many types, styles and intentions of comedy in the western European literary tradition, from the earliest Greek and Roman exa...
LITS 0320 (formerly LIT/26) Tragedy
The course explores the nature and forms of tragedy – one of the foundational literary modes of western culture since antiquity. From the earliest ...
ENAM 0245/GSFS 0245 (formerly GST/04) Women & Literature in the English Renaissance
This course examines women writers of the English Renaissance, with reference to elsewhere in Europe.   Writers include the poet and translator Mary Sidney, Mary Wroth, poet and playwright, and poet Aemilia Lanyer.
ENAM 0250 (formerly GST/06) Women & Literature, 1660-1800
This course examines English women writers of the long eighteenth century.  This era saw an increasing role for women in the genres of poetry, drama...
HIST 0145 (formerly GST/03) Deviance, Sexuality & Social Order in Medieval Europe
Medieval western Christendom saw the evolution of a remarkable set of gendered social norms, and (arguably) of increasingly restrictive means of maintaining them. This course uses insights drawn from a range of disciplines to explore medieval attitudes to gender, sexuality, and ‘outsiders’.
HIST 0700 (formerly GST/01) Gender & History
Recent scholars have increasingly made a gendered reading of history; this course samples and assesses the success of these approaches while explorin...
LITS 0130/GSFS 0130 (formerly GST/02) Women & Literature in the Middle Ages
This course examines the presentation of women in literature, and writing by women, during the western European middle ages.  It explores poetry, pr...
CLAS 0110 Athens, Sparta, Persia
This course explores the history of the Greek states - especially Athens and Sparta - during the fifth century BCE.  This was a period of political ...
HARC 0020 (formerly ARC/03) Archaeology in Britain II: Late Middle Ages & Renaissance
Our knowledge of life in Britain from the 14th to the 16th centuries has been greatly enlarged by modern archaeology and from the close study of surv...
HARC 0025 (formerly ARC/04) Archaeology of Britain III: Into the Modern World
In the period from c. 1600 to 1850, Britain was transformed into a recognizable complex, modern society. This course explores how a wide range of arc...
HARC 0070 (formerly ART/04) Early Medieval Art & Architecture
This course focuses on the art and architecture of Early Medieval Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to the end of the tenth century. Throughou...
HARC 0073 Romanesque Art and Architecture
In the approximately two centuries covered by this course (between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries), there was a rich outpouring of artistic ac...
HARC 0075 (formerly ART/05) Gothic Art and Architecture
Famed for soaring arches, rich stained glass, fine sculpture, stunning manuscripts and elaborate wall-paintings, the Gothic style spread throughout E...
HIST 0095 (formerly HST/16) Romans and Barbarians, 370-750
The crumbling of a mighty empire which had proclaimed itself universal, and supreme even in spiritual matters, has provided a rewarding theme for his...
HIST 0100 (formerly HST/17) The Byzantine World, 1071-1204
As it spans the period from disastrous defeat at the Battle of Manzikert to the catastrophic sack of Constantinople by Fourth Crusaders, it would be ...
HIST 0105 (formerly HST/18) Byzantium 1204-1453
The capture of Constantinople by the forces of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 initiated one of the most fascinating periods of Byzantine history.  A Wes...
HIST 0110 (formerly HST/01) Carolingian Europe
Charlemagne (King of the Franks from 768, Emperor from 800, died 814) was the most militarily and politically successful ruler in western Europe sinc...
HIST 0120 (formerly HST/02) Knights, Priests, Peasants
This course uses primary sources in translation to sketch medieval society, not least the ‘Three Orders’ of ‘labourers, fighters and men of prayer’.
HIST 0130 (formerly HST/03) Heresy and Authority in the Middle Ages
This course explores the twin phenomena of heresy and ecclesiastical authority in medieval western Europe.  This era saw the development of a series...
HIST 0135 (formerly HST/26) Christians and Jews in the Middle Ages
This tutorial examines interactions between the Christian majority and their Jewish neighbours in western Europe during the middle ages.  This perio...
HIST 0140 (formerly HST/04) Occult Sciences in the Middle Ages
Many medieval people held and practised beliefs which today we would label occult, magical or esoteric. At the learned level, Platonic, Hermetic, Isl...
HIST 0145 (formerly GST/03) Deviance, Sexuality & Social Order in Medieval Europe
Medieval western Christendom saw the evolution of a remarkable set of gendered social norms, and (arguably) of increasingly restrictive means of maintaining them. This course uses insights drawn from a range of disciplines to explore medieval attitudes to gender, sexuality, and ‘outsiders’.
HIST 0150 (formerly HST/27) The Islamic World, c.600-c.1300
This tutorial explores Islamic history from the life of the Prophet Muhammad in the early seventh century, until the Mongol invasions of the thirteen...
HIST 0190 (formerly HST/19) The Crusades
Between the Council of Clermont in 1095 and the final collapse of western holdings in the Levant at the end of the thirteenth, thousands of western E...
HIST 0210/RELI 0210 (formerly RST/12) Medieval Monasticism
This course examines medieval monasticism in religious and historical context. From origins in late antiquity, monasticism became one of the central ...
HIST 0260 (formerly HST/06) Culture and Society in Early Renaissance Italy
This course explores Italy in the period c.1290-1400. Even before the first onslaught of the Black Death in the 1340s carried off between a third and...
HIST 0270 (formerly HST/07) Culture and Society in Later Renaissance Italy
In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries the Italian peninsula saw war, pestilence, political revolution, profound economic and social disrupti...
HIST 0280 (formerly HST/08) Reformation Europe
This course explores the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture and society. It uses texts from the period (in translation), as well as visual sources, and the rich modern scholarship, to explore changes in religion, society and politics.  
HIST 0290 (formerly HST/05) Witches in Early Modern Europe
Early modern Europe saw some 40,000 people die because their neighbours or the authorities believed them to be consorts of the Devil or capable of ha...
HIST 0300 Historical Approaches
This tutorial explores the ways in which modern historians have approached their discipline.  When history became part of the university curriculum ...
HIST 0400 (formerly HST/09) Anglo-Saxon England
This course covers the period from end of Roman Britain in early fifth century, to the Norman Conquest of 1066.  For much of this era the written so...
HIST 0405 (formerly HST/10) England after the Conquest
This course examines the political, ecclesiastical and social history of England from the Norman Conquest (1066) to the early thirteenth century. Thi...
HIST 0410 (formerly HST/11) Later Medieval England
When the seven- year-old Henry III ascended his father’s throne in 1216, much of his kingdom was under French occupation; a peace treaty between th...
HIST 0415 (formerly HST/12) Tudor England
This course explores English history during the reign of the Tudor dynasty: Henry VII, his son Henry VIII, and grandchildren Edward VI, Mary I and El...
HIST 0430 (formerly HST/15) Liberty and Monarchy in the Seventeenth Century
Seventeenth-century England saw remarkable tensions between supporters of absolute monarchy at one extreme and advocates of the liberty of the subjec...
HIST 0440 Glorious Revolution to American Revolution
This tutorial examines British history during the long eighteenth century,  beginning with the so-called Glorious Revolution of 1688.  This expell...
HIST 0450 (formerly HST/24) Nineteenth-Century British History
The nineteenth century has been viewed as the apogee of British power.  In this period Britain came to control a major empire, as a leading industri...
HIST 0460 (formerly HST/25) Twentieth-Century British History
This tutorial explores British history during the twentieth century.  At the beginning of the period, Britain was one of the world's leading politic...
HIST 0500 (formerly ARC/05) The Atlantic World
This course explores the Atlantic world, from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth century.  This was a period shaped by factors that defined the...
HIST 0501 (formerly HST/20) New World Encounters
From the fifteenth century onwards, European merchants, monarchs and writers became increasingly excited by the world beyond the Atlantic Ocean.  It...
HIST 0520 (formerly HST/22) Copernicus to Newton
The ‘Scientific Revolution’ of the early modern era was so broad and profound that some scholars have suggested that it did nothing less than tra...
HIST 0530 Seventeenth-Century Europe
Seventeenth-century Europe saw great violence and destruction, but also intellectual and technological creativity that in many ways laid the foundati...
HIST 0540 Enlightenment Europe
The eighteenth century in Europe was an age of Enlightenment although not necessarily an enlightened age. European commercial empires spread around t...
HIST 0550 Revolutionary Europe
This course explores European history during the nineteenth century.  Between the French Revolution of 1789 and the 1871 Paris Commune, Europe was s...
HIST 0700 (formerly GST/01) Gender & History
Recent scholars have increasingly made a gendered reading of history; this course samples and assesses the success of these approaches while explorin...
HST/14 The Golden Age of the Aristocracy, 1660 to 1832
The Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 also ushered in an era of unprecedented power, wealth and display for the English aristocracy. Ferocity of po...
HST/21 Man and the Natural World
Modern scholars have hailed the quickening of ‘natural philosophy’ in the era from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century as nothing less than...
PSCI 0011 Western Political Thought
This course explores central themes in the history of western political thought, from Plato to Rousseau.  It focuses on the major works by key think...
PSCI 0020 Classical Political Thought
This course covers the political thought of the ancient world, from Classical Athens to the Roman Empire.  This period saw the formulation of fundam...
PSCI 0030 (formerly PLT/02) Ancient and Medieval Political Thought
This course explores the development of western political thought from its Greek foundations through to the late Middle Ages. A historical overview o...
PSCI 0040 (formerly PLT/03) Renaissance Political Thought
This course presents a detailed historical survey of political thinking in the Renaissance. It was during this period that many important and influen...
PSCI 0050 Enlightenment Political Thought
The legacy of Enlightenment thinkers has left an indelible mark on Western political thinking. This course aims to introduce students to the main int...
PSCI 0060 Nineteenth-Century Political Thought
The legacy of nineteenth-century political thought is long and enduring, having shaped the contours of twentieth and twenty-first-century political t...
RELI 0030 (formerly RST/03) The Early Church
By the time of Council of Chalcedon in 451 the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, initially a small Jewish sect confined to the Middle East, had been tr...
RELI 0050 (formerly RST/05) Augustine of Hippo
This course examines the life and thought of one of the giants of Western Church, Augustine of Hippo (died 430).  Born into a landowning family in R...
RELI 0060 (formerly RST/06) The Eastern Church, 325-843
This course explores the Greek-speaking church based in and around the eastern Roman Empire, in the period between the First Council of Nicaea in 325...
RELI 0070 (formerly RST/07) The Western Church in the Middle Ages
This course explores the history of the church in western Europe from the eleventh to fourteenth centuries.  In some senses the notion of 'the churc...
RELI 0110 (formerly RST/11) Medieval English Mystics
Some of the most profound and extraordinary spiritual works of the middle ages  were written in England during the fourteenth and fifteenth centurie...
RELI 0130 (formerly RST/14) Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation in sixteenth-century Europe saw fundamental Christian beliefs and practices challenged and overturned; a huge range of the...
RELI 0140 (formerly RST/15) Catholic Reformation
The Catholic Church of the late middle ages was very far from the moribund monolith portrayed by its adversaries. It had a rich tradition on which to...
RELI 0160 (formerly RST/16) Classical Islam
This tutorial provide an overview of the thought and practice of classical Islam, from the seventh century through to the end of the medieval era.  ...
RELI 0220 / HIST 0220 (formerly RST/13) English Reformation
Although far from isolated from the revolutionary currents of religious thought and practice which shook contemporary Europe, the English Reformation...
ARBC 0010 (formerly LAN/14) Arabic
Tutorials are available in both Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic. The nature of the tutorial will depend on the level and needs of each in...
CLAS 0200 (formerly LAN/01) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek is offered at every level, including beginners.  It involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Greek literature.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of each individual student.
CLAS 0250 (formerly LAN/02) New Testament Greek
This course covers the grammar, syntax and vocabulary of New Testament Greek.  It is possible to take this at any language level, including beginner.  Students’ level will be assessed as part of the pre-arrival process.
CLAS 0300 (formerly LAN/03) Classical Latin
This course involved the careful study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Latin literature.  It is possible to take this at any language level, including beginner.  Students’ level will be assessed as part of the pre-arrival process.
CMLT 0040 (formerly LAN/04) Medieval Latin
A study of the Latin language, beginning at the level which the student has already reached and based on the reading of a wide selection of medieval ...
CMLT 0050/ENAM 0050 (formerly LAN/05) Introduction to Old English
This is an introduction to Old English language, including grammar, syntax and vocabulary, using readings from the corpus of Old English poetry and prose.
CMLT 0055/ENAM 0055 (formerly LAN/06) Introduction to Middle English
This course studies selected verse and prose in Middle English, from the later middle ages.  These can include Patience, Pearl, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Piers Plowman, Saints’ Lives of the Katherine Group and Ancrene Wisse.
CMLT 0060/FREN 0060 (formerly LAN/07) Old French
This course studies the language of Old French, though medieval texts such as the Chanson de Roland.  Students must have at least high intermediate modern French before taking this course.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of the individual student.
FREN 0010 (formerly LAN/09) French
Tuition in French can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on French for academic purpos...
GRMN 0010 (formerly LAN/10) German
Tuition in German can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on German for academic purpos...
GRMN 0070 / CMLT 0070 (formerly LAN/08) Middle High German
This course studies the language of Middle High German, though medieval texts such as the Parzifal .   Students must have at least high intermediate modern German before taking this course.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of the individual student.
HEBM 0100 Modern Hebrew
Tuition in modern Hebrew can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on conversation Hebre...
HEBR 0100 Classical Hebrew
Classical Hebrew is offered at every level, including beginners.  It involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Hebrew texts.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of each individual student.
ITAL 0010 (formerly LAN/11) Italian
Tuition in Italian can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on reading or conversational...
RU 0010 (formerly LAN/13) Russian
Tuition in Russian can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on academic or conversationa...
SPAN 0010 (formerly LAN/12) Spanish
Tuition in Spanish can be arranged to accommodate a wide range of needs and interests. For example, a stress can be laid on reading or conversational...
CLAS 0030 (formerly CLA/03) Ancient Greek Literature
The course investigates the literature and culture of fifth-century Athens. Central concerns of this era – freedom and power, knowledge and virtue,...
CLAS 0040 (formerly CLA/04) Greek Tragedy
An examination of selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, against the background of debates about freedom and empire in fifth-centu...
CLAS 0050 (formerly CLA/05) Classical Epic
The classical epic tradition helped shape Greece and Rome, and remains a landmark in European civilization. The course provides a detailed analysis o...
CLAS 0060 (formerly CLA/06) Classical Lyric
This course investigates the growth of lyric verse in Greek and Latin literature, examining poetry by Sappho, Pindar, Catullus, Horace and others, in...
CLAS 0070 (formerly CLA/07) Classical Pastoral
This course explores the origins of the western pastoral tradition, by looking at those whom the English Renaissance poet Drayton called its ‘onlie...
ENAM 0010 (formerly CWR/01) Oratory
This course is intended for those who want to practise public speaking. The student works closely with the tutor on composing and delivering speeches...
ENAM 0020 (formerly CWR/02) Narrative
This is a creative writing course for those who want to write fiction. The student works closely with the tutor on composing prose narratives in eith...
ENAM 0030 (formerly CWR/03) Poetry
This course is intended for those who want to write poetry. The student works closely with the tutor on composing poetry on a weekly basis. Some refl...
ENAM 0040 (formerly CWR/04) Drama
This is creative writing course for those who want to write drama. The student works closely with the tutor on producing dramatic writing, with speci...
ENAM 0100 (formerly LIT/01) Old English Literature in Translation
The canon of Old English Literature comprises the earliest corpus of texts in the English literary tradition. This course studies a wide selection of...
ENAM 0120 (formerly LIT/03) Chaucer
Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1340-c.1400) was the most important author to write in Middle English. This course explored works from all periods of his life, i...
ENAM 0125 (formerly LIT/32) Medieval English Drama
We are often told that drama before Shakespeare was stylized and dull. This tutorial explores a more positive approach to medieval Mystery Cycles and...
ENAM 0200 English Renaissance Literature
This tutorial examines the literature of the English renaissance of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.  It explores works of  drama (for inst...
ENAM 0210 (formerly LIT/10) Shakespeare I: Histories and Comedies
The course presented a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important history plays and comedies. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, ...
ENAM 0212 (formerly LIT/11) Shakespeare II: Tragedies & Romances
The course presents a detailed study of Shakespeare’s most important tragedies and romances. Close textual analysis of the individual dramas, in te...
ENAM 0245/GSFS 0245 (formerly GST/04) Women & Literature in the English Renaissance
This course examines women writers of the English Renaissance, with reference to elsewhere in Europe.   Writers include the poet and translator Mary Sidney, Mary Wroth, poet and playwright, and poet Aemilia Lanyer.
ENAM 0250 (formerly GST/06) Women & Literature, 1660-1800
This course examines English women writers of the long eighteenth century.  This era saw an increasing role for women in the genres of poetry, drama...
ENAM 0260 (formerly LIT/12) Milton
John Milton (1608-1674) remains one of the most supremely significant poets in the English literary canon, as well as an involved observer of the tur...
ENAM 0350 (formerly LIT/17) Eighteenth-Century Fiction
During the eighteenth century, the new form of writing known as the novel emerged as a distinct element in English literature. As a genre, it has gon...
ENAM 0355 (formerly LIT/18) Eighteenth-Century Poetry and Drama
The dramatic modes, styles and intentions of the long eighteenth century are properly initiated in the years following the Restoration of 1660. As th...
ENAM 0360 (formerly LIT/20) Romanticism
This course explores Romanticism in English literature, especially poetry.   During the latter decades of the eighteenth century and opening years o...
ENAM 0400 (formerly LIT/19) Jane Austen
Despite her relatively short life, the six major novels written by Jane Austen (1775-1817) have secured her standing as one of the most significant �...
ENAM 0420 (formerly LIT/22) Poetry of the Victorian Era
The course explores the development of English poetry in the Victorian era, from its beginnings in the wake of the Romantic movement, through a varie...
ENAM 0550 (formerly LIT/23) Twentieth-Century British Poetry
The course ranges widely among the riches and complexities of British poetry in the twentieth century. In the modern age the variety of modes and typ...
ENAM 0555 (formerly LIT/24) Twentieth-Century British Fiction
The thematic and stylistic concerns of British fiction underwent broad transformations in the twentieth century, in response to the changing and ofte...
ENAM 0560 (formerly LIT/25) The Inklings
C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and Charles Williams were at the centre of the Inklings, a group of friends who met every week in Oxford between the early...
ENAM 370 (formerly LIT/21) Nineteenth-Century Fiction
The nineteenth century was the period in which the English novel came of age, rising to unheard-of prominence as a means of scrutinising the era in a...
LIT/30 The Courtly Romances
The courtly romances of the Middle Ages were vernacular expressions of the ideals and conventions of the wider cultural tradition of courtly love. Wi...
LITS 0120 (formerly LIT/02) Viking Literature and Culture
This course explores the legacy of Viking literature, ranging from mythology to heroic legend, and includes an analysis of wider history and culture ...
LITS 0130/GSFS 0130 (formerly GST/02) Women & Literature in the Middle Ages
This course examines the presentation of women in literature, and writing by women, during the western European middle ages.  It explores poetry, pr...
LITS 0140 (formerly LIT/04) The Medieval Tale
Medieval literature is rich in short tales, romances, fabliaux and beast-fables. Framed story-collections offered diversity within an overarching fic...
LITS 0150 (formerly LIT/05) Medieval Romance
The core of this examination of medieval romance literature focuses on canonical Middle English texts, metrical romances and the work of Malory. Thes...
LITS 0160 (formerly LIT/06) Courtly Love
Courtly love was a medieval literary convention which articulated chivalrous love, yearning and desire. The course covers literature in the European ...
LITS 0170 (formerly LIT/07) Medieval Travel Writing
This course examines examples of travel writing from various medieval European languages. Medieval people travelled widely, for a variety of reasons:...
LITS 0180 (formerly LIT/31) Chivalric Literature
During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, chivalry developed as a distinct set of sensibilities within the western European elite.  Chivalric val...
LITS 0190 (formerly LIT/29) Chrétien de Troyes
Chrétien de Troyes is celebrated as the greatest writer of twelfth-century French Arthurian Romances, and his influence on the subsequent evolution ...
LITS 0310 (formerly LIT/27) Comedy
The course explores the many types, styles and intentions of comedy in the western European literary tradition, from the earliest Greek and Roman exa...
LITS 0320 (formerly LIT/26) Tragedy
The course explores the nature and forms of tragedy – one of the foundational literary modes of western culture since antiquity. From the earliest ...
RELI 0110 (formerly RST/11) Medieval English Mystics
Some of the most profound and extraordinary spiritual works of the middle ages  were written in England during the fourteenth and fifteenth centurie...
HIST 0110 (formerly HST/01) Carolingian Europe
Charlemagne (King of the Franks from 768, Emperor from 800, died 814) was the most militarily and politically successful ruler in western Europe sinc...
MUSC 0030 (formerly MUS/03) Madrigals, Songs and Airs of Renaissance Courts
We examine the relationship between music, literature and the other arts in the courtly culture of Renaissance England. Composers such as Dowland, and courtier-poets such as Greville, Dyer and the Earl of Essex are studied in their collaborations and interrelations.
MUS/04 Music in the Grand Manner: Purcell to Handel
This course studies choral, operatic and instrumental development in composition and performance in the 17th and 18th century. The co-dependence of music and drama, from Purcell’s work with Dryden to Handel’s with John Gay, forms the heart of the course.
MUSC 0010 (formerly MUS/01) Exploring Western Music
A study and critical analysis of the major genres of Western music from the Renaissance to the present day, including the Mass, oratorio, opera, symphony and song. Full use is made of Oxford’s rich musical life, and historical and artistic resources.
MUSC 0020 (formerly MUS/02) Music and Liturgy: From Medieval to Tudor
The course explores the role of music in the Christian tradition, from plainsong and monastic chant through the events of the English Reformation and the radical changes made to church music in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
MUSC 0030 (formerly MUS/03) Madrigals, Songs and Airs of Renaissance Courts
We examine the relationship between music, literature and the other arts in the courtly culture of Renaissance England. Composers such as Dowland, and courtier-poets such as Greville, Dyer and the Earl of Essex are studied in their collaborations and interrelations.
PHIL 0010 (formerly PHI/01) Classical Philosophy
This course charts the development of classical western philosophy from the Athenians to Augustine of Hippo, exploring the principal writers in their...
PHIL 0020 (formerly PHI/02) Medieval Philosophy
The course is designed for those wishing to understand the metaphysics, ethics and philosophical theology of the Middle Ages. The key-works of leadin...
PHIL 0030 (formerly PHI/04) Enlightenment Philosophy
This course explores the philosophy of the European Enlightenment. The impact of the Enlightenment, as a radical re-examination of core beliefs and t...
PHIL 0050 (formerly PHI/05) Ethics & the Good Life
As one of the primary areas of philosophical investigation, Ethics has remained at the forefront of western thought since antiquity, and its importan...
PHIL 0110 (formerly PLT/44) Modern Political Philosophy
This course critically examines the meaning and political significance of some of the key concepts and values discussed by modern political philosoph...
PHIL 0120 (formerly PHI/03) Philosophy of Religion
This course explores some of the key philosophical issues surrounding belief in God and religious faith. Some topics focus on debates about the natur...
PHIL 0130 Epistemology
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that examines questions about knowledge, justification, belief and related concepts. This course addresses q...
PHIL 0140 Metaphysics
Metaphysicians explore some of the most basic and fundamental issues in philosophy. One central topic in this course focuses on realism and its alter...
PHIL 0150 Ethics
This course examines a variety of normative ethical theories including varieties of consequentialism, virtue ethics and contractualism, together with...
PHIL 0160 Philosophy of Language
This course focuses on philosophical questions concerning linguistic meaning, the use of language, and the relationship between language and reality....
PHIL 0170 Philosophy of Mind
Philosophers of mind explore the nature of mental phenomena and the relationship they bear to the rest of reality. This course considers a variety of...
RELI 0050 (formerly RST/05) Augustine of Hippo
This course examines the life and thought of one of the giants of Western Church, Augustine of Hippo (died 430).  Born into a landowning family in R...
PSCI 0010 (formerly PLT/01) Themes and Issues in Political Theory
This course investigates the background of central issues and questions in the history of the state: the genesis and formation of institutions which ...
PSCI 0011 Western Political Thought
This course explores central themes in the history of western political thought, from Plato to Rousseau.  It focuses on the major works by key think...
PSCI 0020 Classical Political Thought
This course covers the political thought of the ancient world, from Classical Athens to the Roman Empire.  This period saw the formulation of fundam...
PSCI 0030 (formerly PLT/02) Ancient and Medieval Political Thought
This course explores the development of western political thought from its Greek foundations through to the late Middle Ages. A historical overview o...
PSCI 0040 (formerly PLT/03) Renaissance Political Thought
This course presents a detailed historical survey of political thinking in the Renaissance. It was during this period that many important and influen...
PSCI 0045 (formerly PLT/04) Political Theory: Enlightenment and Romanticism
The legacy of Enlightenment and Romantic theorists has left an indelible mark on western political thinking. This course begins with an analysis of e...
PSCI 0050 Enlightenment Political Thought
The legacy of Enlightenment thinkers has left an indelible mark on Western political thinking. This course aims to introduce students to the main int...
PSCI 0060 Nineteenth-Century Political Thought
The legacy of nineteenth-century political thought is long and enduring, having shaped the contours of twentieth and twenty-first-century political t...
PSCI 0011 Western Political Thought
This course explores central themes in the history of western political thought, from Plato to Rousseau.  It focuses on the major works by key think...
PSCI 0020 Classical Political Thought
This course covers the political thought of the ancient world, from Classical Athens to the Roman Empire.  This period saw the formulation of fundam...
PSCI 0030 (formerly PLT/02) Ancient and Medieval Political Thought
This course explores the development of western political thought from its Greek foundations through to the late Middle Ages. A historical overview o...
PSCI 0040 (formerly PLT/03) Renaissance Political Thought
This course presents a detailed historical survey of political thinking in the Renaissance. It was during this period that many important and influen...
PSCI 0050 Enlightenment Political Thought
The legacy of Enlightenment thinkers has left an indelible mark on Western political thinking. This course aims to introduce students to the main int...
PSCI 0060 Nineteenth-Century Political Thought
The legacy of nineteenth-century political thought is long and enduring, having shaped the contours of twentieth and twenty-first-century political t...
HARC 0060 (formerly ART/03) Art & Architecture of Late Antiquity
This course explores the art and architecture of the late Roman world, with a particular focus on the eastern Mediterranean, from the second to the e...
HEBR 0100 Classical Hebrew
Classical Hebrew is offered at every level, including beginners.  It involves the study of grammar, syntax and readings from classical Hebrew texts.  The precise nature of the tutorial will depend on the skills and needs of each individual student.
HIST 0130 (formerly HST/03) Heresy and Authority in the Middle Ages
This course explores the twin phenomena of heresy and ecclesiastical authority in medieval western Europe.  This era saw the development of a series...
HIST 0135 (formerly HST/26) Christians and Jews in the Middle Ages
This tutorial examines interactions between the Christian majority and their Jewish neighbours in western Europe during the middle ages.  This perio...
HIST 0150 (formerly HST/27) The Islamic World, c.600-c.1300
This tutorial explores Islamic history from the life of the Prophet Muhammad in the early seventh century, until the Mongol invasions of the thirteen...
HIST 0210/RELI 0210 (formerly RST/12) Medieval Monasticism
This course examines medieval monasticism in religious and historical context. From origins in late antiquity, monasticism became one of the central ...
HIST 0280 (formerly HST/08) Reformation Europe
This course explores the impact of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation on sixteenth-century European culture and society. It uses texts from the period (in translation), as well as visual sources, and the rich modern scholarship, to explore changes in religion, society and politics.  
MUSC 0020 (formerly MUS/02) Music and Liturgy: From Medieval to Tudor
The course explores the role of music in the Christian tradition, from plainsong and monastic chant through the events of the English Reformation and the radical changes made to church music in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
PHIL 0120 (formerly PHI/03) Philosophy of Religion
This course explores some of the key philosophical issues surrounding belief in God and religious faith. Some topics focus on debates about the natur...
RELI 0010 (formerly RST/01) Old Testament Studies
This course explores the historical, literary and theological issues pertinent to a scholarly understanding of the Old Testament (as it is described ...
RELI 0020 (formerly RST/02) New Testament Studies
This course explores  historical, literary and theological aspects of the New Testament. Because of its centrality to Christianity, the New Testam...
RELI 0030 (formerly RST/03) The Early Church
By the time of Council of Chalcedon in 451 the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, initially a small Jewish sect confined to the Middle East, had been tr...
RELI 0050 (formerly RST/05) Augustine of Hippo
This course examines the life and thought of one of the giants of Western Church, Augustine of Hippo (died 430).  Born into a landowning family in R...
RELI 0060 (formerly RST/06) The Eastern Church, 325-843
This course explores the Greek-speaking church based in and around the eastern Roman Empire, in the period between the First Council of Nicaea in 325...
RELI 0070 (formerly RST/07) The Western Church in the Middle Ages
This course explores the history of the church in western Europe from the eleventh to fourteenth centuries.  In some senses the notion of 'the churc...
RELI 0080 (formerly RST/08) Early Christian Mystical Theology
The theologians and ecclesiastics of the first Christian centuries drew on deep wells of Biblical writing and Greek philosophy, as well as the most i...
RELI 0110 (formerly RST/11) Medieval English Mystics
Some of the most profound and extraordinary spiritual works of the middle ages  were written in England during the fourteenth and fifteenth centurie...
RELI 0130 (formerly RST/14) Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation in sixteenth-century Europe saw fundamental Christian beliefs and practices challenged and overturned; a huge range of the...
RELI 0140 (formerly RST/15) Catholic Reformation
The Catholic Church of the late middle ages was very far from the moribund monolith portrayed by its adversaries. It had a rich tradition on which to...
RELI 0160 (formerly RST/16) Classical Islam
This tutorial provide an overview of the thought and practice of classical Islam, from the seventh century through to the end of the medieval era.  ...
RELI 0220 / HIST 0220 (formerly RST/13) English Reformation
Although far from isolated from the revolutionary currents of religious thought and practice which shook contemporary Europe, the English Reformation...
This experience cannot be contained by words
This experience cannot be contained by words
The academic reasons for studying with Oxford professors stands by itself as the number one reason someone should want to engage in this program, but ...
Katherine Ciesla, Autumn Semester 2010, Elmhurst College